Archive | February 2016

Coins of the Gupta Empire

images (30)The splendid gold coinage of Guptas, with its many types and infinite varieties and its inscriptions in Sanskrit, are the finest examples of the purely Indian art that we possess. Their era starts from around 320 with Chandragupta I’s accession of the throne. Son of Chandragupta I-Samudragupta, the real founder of the Gupta Empire had coinage made of gold only. There were seven different varieties of coins that appeared during his reign. Out of them the archer type is the most common and characteristic type of the Gupta dynasty coins, which were struck by at least eight succeeding kings and was a standard type in the kingdom.

The silver coinage of Guptas starts with the overthrow of the Western Satraps by Chandragupta II. Kumaragupta and Skandagupta continued with the old type of coins (the Garuda and the Peacock types) and also introduced some other new types. The copper coinage was mostly confined to the era of Chandragupta II, and was more original in design. Eight out of the nine types known to have been struck by him have a figure of Garuda and the name of the King on it. The gradual deterioration in design and execution of the gold coins and the disappearance of silver money, bear ample evidence to their curtailed territory. The percentage of gold in Indian coins under the reign of Gupta rulers showed a steady financial decline over the centuries as it decreases from 90% pure gold under Chandragupta I (319-335) to a mere 75-80% under Skandagupta.

During the Indo-Scythians period whose era begins from 200 BCE to 400 CE, a new kind of the coins of two dynasties were very popular in circulation in various parts of the then India and parts of central and northern South Asia (Sogdiana, Bactria, Arachosia, Gandhara, Sindh, Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar) These dynasties were Saka and The Pahlavas. After the conquest of Bactria by the Sakas in 135 BCE there must have been considerable intercourse sometimes of a friendly, sometimes of a hostile character, between them and the Parthians, who occupied the neighbouring territory.

Maues, whose coins are found only in the Punjab, was the first king of what may be called the Azes group of princes. His silver is not plentiful; the finest type is that with a “biga” (two-horsed chariot) on the obverse, and to this type belongs a square hemidrachm, the only square aka silver coin known. His commonest copper coins, with an elephant’s head on the obverse and a “Caduceus” (staff of the god Hermes) on the reverse are imitated from a round copper coin of Demetrius. On another copper square coin of Maues the king is represented on horseback. This striking device is characteristic both of the Saka and Pahlava coinage; it first appears in a slightly different form on coins of the Indo-Greek Hippostratos; the Gupta kings adopted it for their “horseman” type, and it reappears in Mediaeval India on the coins of numerous Hindu kingdoms, and was even employed by Muhammadan invaders until the 14th century CE.

 

4 Essential Garden Accessories That You Need This Summer

download (54)23Now the warmer weather has finally arrived, more and more people are spending time outside in their gardens and yards, making the most of the sunshine. There is nothing more pleasant than relaxing in your own garden at the weekend, so it is important to make sure you have all you need to enjoy your outdoor space to the greatest.

With this in mind, here are a few of the most essential garden accessories that you need this summer. From leisure items right through to decorative products, these will help you make the most of your garden or yard whilst the nice weather lasts.

The first thing that is well worth investing in is a small BBQ kit, including a reliable BBQ charcoal starter and a branding iron for your grilled meats. A BBQ kit will give you the chance to enjoy some al fresco dining with your family or your friends, and will help you get the most out of summer. BBQ kits complete with a great BBQ charcoal starter do not have to be expensive, and you will often find that a small kit is more than enough to give you a couple of BBQ parties for you and your loved ones. Although fun is guaranteed, the nice weather is not, so make sure that you have one of these ready so you can throw a spontaneous party when the sun comes out in force.

The next essential outdoor accessory that you need is a set of LED solar lights to illuminate your outdoor space, as these are practical and very low-cost to use. Relying almost solely on the energy of the sun, the only cost associated with these is the upfront price you pay, and they can give you plenty of light well into the evening when the sun has gone down. There are many different types of outdoor light, from outdoor fairy lights and pond lights through to lights that you simply stake into the ground. Depending on the size and shape of your outdoor space you will able to find something that meets all your needs as far as outdoor lighting goes. One thing that is worth bearing in mind however, is choosing lights that are efficient enough to work in cloudy weather. Many reputable companies have developed solar lights that will work in the gloomier countries of the northern hemisphere, and these are great for when there is not a great deal of sunshine, even during the summer period.

The next accessory that anyone with a garden needs is a weed claw or twister, which is a handy tool that can be used to pull weeds out of the garden without crouching down. This is ideal for those who have reduced mobility, and can make weeding almost effortless – and certainly a lot more fun. If you are looking to get your garden looking good in no time at all – especially if you have guests coming later for a BBQ party – then this product can be ideal for tidying up your garden. This also eliminates the use of chemical weed killers, and helps aerate the soil for a much healthier garden.

Lastly, do not forget to invest in some great outdoor toys, whether it is a Nerf gun, a set of water blasters, a bubble blower or an outdoor board game such as Giant Dominoes. These are great for parties and also for keeping children entertained, making being outdoors much more exciting that sitting inside playing video games.

From your BBQ kit with BBQ charcoal starter right through to a set of water pistols, investing in some garden and outdoor accessories this summer will help you and the family enjoy the warmest season of the year as much as possible, creating many happy memories.

Working With Fashion Bloggers for Product Promotion and Purchasing Decisions Is Smart

download (55)What better way than through bloggers to find out what consumers really want, and what they like or dislike about a product? Plus, aligning with a popular blogger can mean good exposure for a product, whether it’s clothing, accessories or makeup.

Bloggers are Hugely Influential

Word of mouth but amped up is a great way to describe bloggers. They have a far greater outreach and reach more people all at once than one friend or neighbour expressing their thoughts on to another. Plus, their market is the exact one in which product manufacturers want to reach!

Influential people could be anyone from the person next door to a famous celebrity. bloggers exist somewhere in that mix, but what most don’t realize is that the reach of a blogger is far greater than others, in fact up to 80% higher! Plus, many consumers feel a smaller community is more influential.

No matter the size of their community, the fact they are regarded as experts on these products is enough to make consumers step out and try them out more so than they would at the suggestion of a neighbour.

Demographics

It’s been found that the majority of bloggers are women, which is no surprise. A significant number are also mothers. This is great for those who are looking for real advice from family friendly bloggers. Let’s face it, there aren’t too many moms that can afford high. bloggers that know what styles are hot and then recommend on where to get them for less are extra important in the blogging community, according to studies.

Bloggers are Perfect for Product Research

Who better to test out a new product than a popular blogger? They help consumers learn more about a product they are considering buying, and a good review gives them the confidence necessary to make the investment. The internet is at everyone’s fingertips now, so it is the prime source for those wanting information to do the research.

Recent reports state that around 40% of shoppers are influenced by bloggers, and just a bit larger percentage purchase based off the retail site or store itself, so anyone can see the significance! Using blog posts for purchasing decisions is really no surprise when one thinks about it. Marketing companies are getting crafty, and why not use these popular faces and opinions to promote their products?

Are They Paid to Promote?

The answer here is yes and no. Some bloggers are paid to promote, but in most cases the more popular are not. They certainly receive the products for free to try out and promote. Some companies may tell them only to blog if they enjoy the product.

Many PR and outreach teams promote earned media which is free coverage via promotion instead of advertising. This means they (the blogger) won’t get paid sponsor fees or post fees. It’s a more honest approach.

Giveaways

Giveaways are another benefit to following a blogger. Not only do they give real advice, they sometimes are given products to hold a prize/giveaway or sample promotion to their followers. This gives them a “first look” and opportunity to try out the same thing that their favourite blogger is.

There are plenty of reasons to hire or follow a blogger for the final in real advice and opinions on the latest products offered.

Five Features Of The Best Arch Support Insoles

download (53)Importance of Finding The Best Shoe Inserts

Finding the best arch support insoles is a challenging task but one that is often necessary for runners who partake frequently in marathons, sprints, and races. Feet support eight to nine times the body weight of a runner in the middle of a race, therefore the chances of suffering injuries are significantly high, and runners breakdown due to injuries such as plantar fasciitis. To avoid getting these injuries while still partaking in running exercises, it is is necessary to buy the best running insoles. The best shoe inserts have several characteristics, runners should find a pair of shoe insoles that contain some of these characteristics:

Characteristics Of The Best Running Insoles

Slim – The best shoe inserts are relatively thin, but still has enough layers within the insole to provide cushioning and heel support. Running insoles should ideally be thin because it is easy to fit inside the shoe, and does not take up too much space even when it is worn. Some of the best arch support inserts are designed to be slim.

No Odor – When wearing shoes for a long time, it is possible for runners to sweat in their shoes, which leads to build up of microbes in the shoe and shoe inserts. This accumulation of microbes in the shoe inserts leads to odor emanating from the shoe insole. However, the best running insoles on the market, are designed with special material that prevents the build up of microbes.

Universal – The best arch support insoles are designed to be as accessible as possible, hence the shoe insoles can be used by both men and women on a variety of different shoes including sports shoes, dress shoes, and dress boots. Arch support insoles with a universal design are accessible for everyone and anyone to use, without any inconvenience.

Does not fray – Standard insoles for shoes tend to wear out in time due to prolonged use, some insoles can no longer be used after a few weeks because they are too worn out. However, the best shoe inserts last for a long time, even after frequent use.

Heel cupping – Heel cupping is a feature found in the best arch support insoles, and anyone who is suffering from flat feet should look for inserts that offer heel cupping. Those who have flat feet suffer from wobbling foot steps, leading to instability while walking or running. However, heel cupping is designed to counteract the negative effects of flat feet.

 

This entry was posted on February 12, 2016.